CPR Full Form: What It Means, How It Works, and Safety Tips

CPR full form

What is CPR?

CPR Full Form is short for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, which involves reviving both the heart (cardio) and lungs (pulmonary). It plays a role in emergencies such as heart attacks, drowning incidents or cases of electrocution. CPR includes performing chest compressions and providing rescue breaths to keep blood circulation and oxygen levels stable until medical assistance arrives, potentially leading to life-saving outcomes.

CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

  • Cardio means heart.
  • Pulmonary means lungs.
  • Resuscitation means reviving someone.

What Does CPR Stand For?

CPR Full Form in Medical, which stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, is a procedure used in situations when an individual is unconscious and their heart has ceased to beat. CPR plays a role in maintaining blood circulation to the brain and other essential organs until professional medical assistance arrives.

During CPR, chest compressions are performed to ensure blood flow throughout the body. It is advised to press the chest with a depth of 5 centimetres and maintain a pace of 90 to 120 compressions per minute. This method aids in sustaining brain function until the individual can access treatment.

In some cases mouth, mouth resuscitation may be administered to provide air to the person’s lungs. Additionally, mechanical devices can be utilized to deliver air into the lungs as necessary. Everyone needs to be acquainted with CPR procedures as it can significantly impact saving someone’s life during an emergency.

[Also Read: BSC Full Form]

Why CPR is Important

When blood flow halts, the risk of brain injury or death increases rapidly. This highlights the importance of sustaining blood circulation and aiding breathing until professional medical assistance is available. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) serves as a technique to uphold both blood circulation and breathing functions.

CPR can be carried out by individuals with training in this procedure. It entails administering chest compressions and rescue breaths.

Initiating CPR within the six minutes following an arrest can sustain an individual’s life until medical aid arrives.

The administration of CPR should persist until the person’s heartbeat stabilizes or healthcare providers determine steps.

Safety Measures for CPR

Before performing CPR:

  • Check the surroundings to ensure it’s safe to administer CPR.
  • Determine if the person is conscious or unconscious.
  • Call for emergency medical assistance immediately.

When to Do CPR

CPR is for someone unconscious and not breathing normally. It helps in emergencies like:

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Not breathing
  • Drowning
  • Choking
  • Drug overdose or poisoning

How CPR Works

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, commonly known as CPR is a method used to assist individuals who have lost consciousness and are not breathing. It is straightforward. Can be performed by anyone, with the knowledge.

Here’s what to do:

Positioning: Place the individual on a surface, in a position ensuring that their head and neck are, in alignment.

Opening the Airway: Tilt their head back gently by lifting the chin with one hand and pressing down on the forehead with the other. This can assist in opening up their airway.

Check for Breathing: Check for any indications of breathing, by observing their chest movement for 10 seconds. If you notice signs of breathing refrain from administering CPR.

Starting Chest Compressions: Place your hand in the centre of the chest ensuring your arms remain straight. Apply pressure pressing down 2 inches for adults (1.5 inches, for children). Perform this action rapidly aiming for around 100 120 compressions, per minute.

Giving Rescue Breaths: After performing 30 compressions administer two rescue breaths. Ensure that each breath causes their chest to rise and lasts one second.

Repeat: Continue performing sets of 30 chest compressions and administer two rescue breaths repeating this cycle until assistance arrives or the individual begins breathing.

Safety Measures for Performing CPR

Here are easy-to-understand tips for CPR safety:

Check the Area: Make sure it’s safe for you and the person needing help. Look out for dangers like traffic or fire.

Wear Protection: Remember to wear gloves, a mask and disposable clothing to protect yourself from infections.

Position Correctly: Place the individual on a surface. Ensure that their head and neck are aligned.

Check Breathing and Pulse: Before applying pressure to their chest make sure they are breathing regularly and have a heartbeat. If they are there’s no need, for CPR.

Place Your Hands Right: Place your hand in the centre of the chest. When dealing with adults utilize both hands; for children, one hand or a few fingers will suffice.

Press Firmly: Press down 2 inches for adults and 1.5 inches, for children maintaining a speed.

Don’t Push Too Hard: Apply pressure to cause blood flow. Be careful not to cause any pain.

Keep Watching: After they wake up make sure to watch over them. If they don’t. Require CPR again and seek assistance.


What is CPR method?

CPR Full Form (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is an emergency procedure performed to manually maintain blood circulation and provide oxygen to the brain and other vital organs when the heart has stopped beating.

What is the full form of CPR and AED?

CPR: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
AED: Automated External Defibrillator

When to start CPR?

CPR should be started as soon as possible when a person is unresponsive and not breathing normally, or not breathing at all.

What are the side effects of CPR?

Rib fractures, organ damage, vomiting, muscle soreness, and skin abrasions can occur rarely.

Is mouth-to-mouth resuscitation needed if there’s a pulse within the patient?

If there’s a pulse, clear the airway and provide rescue breaths. Check the pulse every two minutes and initiate resuscitation if the heartbeat stops.