CGPA Full Form: Calculation, Benefits, and Limitations

CGPA Full Form

What is the CGPA Full Form?

The CGPA Full Form is “Cumulative Grade Point Average”, a grading system in education that schools and universities employ to evaluate a student’s progress. Then focusing on grades for specific courses CGPA offers a holistic assessment of a student’s accomplishments, across all subjects.

Grade Point Average (GPA) vs. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

  • Grade Point Average (GPA): GPA reflects the grades achieved in a course or semester offering a glimpse, into a students performance in subjects or during a given timeframe.
  •  Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): CGPA represents the average of GPA scores across all subjects over the program providing an encompassing perspective on a student’s overall academic achievements.

How is CGPA Calculated?

To determine the CGPA, follow these steps:

1. Calculate the GPA for Each Subject:  Give grade points depending on the grades achieved in each subject. For instance an A could be worth 10 points a B could be worth 8 points and so forth.

2. Compute the Average: Add up all the grade points and divide by the number of subjects.

How to Convert CGPA to Percentage?

To convert CGPA to a percentage, use the following formula:

Percentage = CGPA x 9.5

For instance, if a student has a CGPA of 8.0, the percentage would be:

8.0 x 9.5 = 76%

Benefits of CGPA

1. Reduces Stress: The CGPA system alleviates stress for students by placing emphasis on exam results. This fosters a learning atmosphere. Promotes a healthier approach to education.

2. Identifies Strengths and Weaknesses: CGPA enables students to recognize their strengths and pinpoint areas that require development facilitating progress.

3. Informed Teaching Strategies: Teachers can utilize CGPA, to group students based on performance levels. Adapt their teaching strategies to cater to the learning needs within the classroom.

Limitations of CGPA

1. Reduces Competitive Spirit:  When CGPA categorizes students based on scores it could reduce the desire to strive for grades. For instance students who score 99 and 90 are grouped together which may discourage those aiming for marks.

2. Does Not Reflect True Potential: CGPA might not accurately represent a students performance, in specific exams making it challenging to assess true academic abilities.

3. Limited Incentive for Extra Effort: The absence of distinction between achievers and average performers could lead to students feeling less encouraged to excel.

[Also Read: CPR Full Form]


It’s important for students, teachers and parents to grasp the significance of the CGPA system. It offers an evaluation of achievements easing pressure and pinpointing areas needing enhancement. Yet it’s crucial to acknowledge its shortcomings in terms of fostering competition and accurately gauging a student’s capabilities. By weighing both its advantages and disadvantages the CGPA system can be leveraged effectively to student growth and academic triumph.