SGPT Full Form: A Comprehensive Detailed Guide about SGPT

SGPT Full Form

What is SGPT Full Form?

SGPT Full Form is “Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase”, which is also referred to as alanine aminotransferase (ALT). This enzyme is mainly present in the liver. Can also be found in tissues and plasma, within the body. Its main function involves assisting in metabolic processes in converting alanine and alpha ketoglutarate into pyruvate and glutamate.

Importance of SGPT

Testing the health of the liver is essential with high SGPT levels in the blood signaling liver issues. Various conditions like hepatitis, cirrhosis and fatty liver disease can lead to SGPT levels. Additionally, factors such as medication usage, obesity, diabetes and heart problems can also impact SGPT levels.

SGPT Blood Test

The SGPT blood test assesses the level of this enzyme in your bloodstream. Here’s what it can uncover:

  • Liver Health: Evaluates whether the liver shows signs of illness or injury.
  • Liver Function: Check the condition of how the liver is working.
  • Diagnosis: Aids in identifying issues, like liver failure, liver disease, hepatitis and jaundice.

The usual SGPT level falls within the range of 7 to 56 units, per liter of serum although it may slightly differ based on the laboratory techniques employed.

Causes of Elevated SGPT Levels

There are factors that can result in SGPT levels such as:

  • Liver Conditions: Hepatitis A, B, C, cirrhosis.
  • Viral Infections:  Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Metabolic Disorders: Diabetes, obesity.
  • Heart Conditions: Heart attack.
  • Autoimmune Diseases: Celiac disease, dermatomyositis.
  • Other Factors: Alcohol consumption, certain medications, inflammation of the gallbladder.

Managing SGPT Levels

Maintaining healthy SGPT levels involves:

 Diet: Including vitamin D and other nutrients that are good for the liver can assist in reducing SGPT levels.

Changes in Lifestyle:  Decreasing alcohol consumption, maintaining a weight and steering clear of drugs that can harm the liver.

Consistent Check ups: Regular blood tests to monitor SGPT levels and ensure liver well being.

Risks Associated with SGPT Test

The SGPT test is usually safe. However, like any blood test, it involves some risks.

  •  Bleeding: Some minor bleeding or bruising may occur where the injection was given.
  •  Infection: There is a possibility of infection at the injection site.
  •  Hematoma: Blood may collect under the skin, in the area where the needle was inserted.

After removing the needle, applying pressure to the injection site can reduce the chances of experiencing these risks.

[Also Read: MBBS Full Form]


It’s important to grasp the importance of SGPT and how it impacts liver health. Keeping tabs on it with blood tests can catch liver problems early enabling treatment and care. By living and understanding what affects SGPT levels you can take care of your liver health and overall wellness.