NET Full Form: A Comprehensive Detailed Guide About NET

NET Full Form

What is the NET Full Form?

The NET Full Form is  “National Eligibility Test”. The nationwide entrance exam is crucial for postgraduates aiming to pursue a PhD or teaching profession in India. It evaluates eligibility for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor roles in universities and colleges, across the country.

Purpose of NET

The main aim of the NET is to make sure that only capable individuals can teach at universities or obtain research grants. The exam includes topics such as:

  • Computer Science and Engineering, Forensic Science
  • Political Science, History, Sociology
  • Literature in various languages such as Hindi, English, Sanskrit, Gujarati, Marathi, French, Spanish, Japanese, and more
  • Home Science, Computer Applications, Anthropology, Law, Education, etc.

NET Eligibility Criteria

The NET is managed by the University Grants Commission (UGC). Originally it was organized by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). As of December 2018 it has been managed by the National Testing Agency (NTA). The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) supervises the test, for science disciplines referred to as the UGC CSIR NET.

History and Frequency

The NET, first conducted in 1989, has taken place annually ever since. This schedule provides candidates with chances to qualify in a year.

Exam Pattern

The NET examination consists of two papers:

1. Paper I: Evaluates the candidates teaching and research skills by assessing their reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness. 

2. Paper II: Focuses on the candidates chosen subject, in detail.

Subjects Covered

The NET has an array of topics to appeal to academic passions and areas of expertise. Below are some subjects to explore:

  • Humanities and Social Sciences: History, Sociology, Political Science, Law, Education, Anthropology
  • Languages: English, Hindi, Sanskrit, regional languages like Gujarati, Marathi, as well as foreign languages like French, Spanish, Japanese
  • Sciences: Computer Science, Engineering, Forensic Science, Home Science
  • Professional Courses: Computer Applications

Benefits of Qualifying NET

Qualifying for the NET provides several significant benefits:

  1. Junior Research Fellowship (JRF): Applicants who pass the selection process can receive support for their research endeavors.
  2. Assistant Professor: Candidates who meet the requirements can submit their applications for teaching roles at colleges and universities.
  3. PhD Programs: Qualifying in the NET is frequently a requirement for gaining entry into programs at universities.
  4. Career in Public Sector Units (PSUs):Some public sector undertakings (PSUs) take into account the qualification of the National Eligibility Test (NET) for their recruitment processes.
  5. Career Advancement: Clearing the NET exam can open up avenues for career advancement and better job prospects, for faculty members.

Who Conducts the NET?

The University Grants Commission (UGC) oversees the National Eligibility Test (NET) to maintain the quality and integrity of exams in various fields. The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) administers tests for science subjects focusing on evaluation and expertise in those domains.

[Also Read: MBBS Full Form]


The National Eligibility Test (NET) holds importance for individuals looking to teach at the university level or engage in research within India. By covering an array of subjects and offering advantages, succeeding in the NET exam provides numerous opportunities for academic and career advancement. Whether your aspirations involve becoming an Assistant Professor or obtaining a Junior Research Fellowship, passing the NET exam is crucial for realizing your professional aspirations.