How STEM Education Benefits India’s Education System

STEM Education

STEM Education is an acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. It was initially coined in 2001 by the U.S. National Science Foundation, a body dedicated to advancing research endeavours.

STEM education revolves around these disciplines gaining traction due to their problem-solving approaches. It goes beyond knowledge, imparting skills for real-world application to students.

STEM education is widely recognized as a component of learning, as stated by UNESCO. It is integrated into school programs starting from grades.

The Need for STEM Education in India

The education system in India has changed in the wake of the pandemic. The introduction of an education policy and the widespread adoption of online learning have transformed the landscape of teaching and learning. There is a growing emphasis on STEM education among educators in India, reflecting a trend seen in leading education systems. It is widely acknowledged that students must be well-versed in STEM disciplines to thrive in their endeavours.

STEM Jobs and Careers in India and Abroad

In today’s job market, having a foundation in STEM education is crucial. As per the U.S. Department of Labor, it was anticipated that STEM employment would increase by 14% by the year 2020. 

In India, there has also been a rise in STEM fields. Between 2016 and 2019, there was an uptick in these professions in rural areas. Graduates with STEM qualifications have career opportunities, with forecasts indicating that 80% of roles will demand proficiency in mathematics and science. It is anticipated that STEM experts will hold a presence in the job market of tomorrow.

How Popular is STEM Learning in India?

In 2016, India boasted the count of university graduates globally, totalling around 78 million students. Yet merely 2.6 million of them were STEM graduates, accounting for 3.3% of the overall figure. Fast forward to 2018, 32% of Indian students were opting for STEM disciplines.

More STEM education leads to more job opportunities for graduates. Data shows that 46% of young individuals are considered employable. Nevertheless, STEM disciplines such as engineering and technology exhibit a 55% employability rate. With these advantages, India continues to confront a shortage of workers in STEM sectors. What could be the reason behind this?

[Read More: Why is Technical Writing Important in the Workplace]

Government Initiatives to Strengthen STEM Education in India

Collaboration with IBM (October 2020):

  • The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has collaborated with IBM to enhance STEM prospects, for girls.
  • The goal of this partnership was to enhance two DST programs, Vigyan Jyoti and Vigyan Prasar (Engage with Science).
  • IBM played a role in engaging with students and educators in a way that encouraged a sense of curiosity and interest in science among young people in India. Additionally, they have been instrumental in promoting opportunities for girls to pursue education and careers in STEM fields.

Encouraging STEM for Girls/Women:

  • The Ministry of Education encourages the advancement of STEM education for girls and women through a range of opportunities.
  • In September 2022, the Ministry website posted a notice about the Early Academy Fellowship. This fellowship, offered by universities and supported by the British Council, provides scholarships for individuals pursuing further education in STEM disciplines.

Atal Innovation Mission:

  • This program encourages children to develop curiosity, imagination, and innovative problem-solving skills.
  • Atal Tinkering Labs offers students learning experiences to nurture their creativity and innovation abilities.
  • These laboratories also provide chances through competitions, showcases, and events at the level.
  • As of August 2021, NITI Aayog had set up more than 8,706 Atal Tinkering Labs throughout India, with 60% located in schools.

[Read More: AI in Education: Essential Statistics and Everything You Need to Know]

Benefits of STEM Education

STEM education goes beyond being a phrase; it’s a hands-on approach that equips students with skills applicable to various professions and sectors. Here are a few key explanations highlighting the significance of STEM education;

Analytical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills

STEM education is beneficial for students as it fosters their ability to think critically and analytically. By engaging in projects and real-world tasks, students learn how to address issues, analyze data, and come up with innovative solutions. These skills not only aid students in their pursuits but also equip them to navigate the dynamic demands of a rapidly changing job landscape.

Fresh Ideas and Originality

Engaging in STEM education enhances creativity by inspiring exploration and experimentation. Encouraging students to think and explore their ideas helps them gain the courage to innovate and find new solutions. This innovative approach lays the foundation for innovators, industry pioneers, and visionaries driving advancements in sectors.

Getting Ready for the Digital Era

As technology continues to evolve across industries, STEM education equips students with the digital skills and technological knowledge to succeed. Through STEM schooling, learners become proficient in using tools, coding languages, and software, setting them up for a future focused on technology.

Applying Skills in the Real World

STEM education plays a role in bridging the gap between learning and real-world application by engaging students in hands-on projects. It allows them to see how the concepts taught in classrooms are relevant to solving challenges in industries and communities.

Cross-Disciplinary Method

STEM education breaks down the walls between subjects, reflecting the interconnected nature of today’s world where collaboration is key. Students learn that addressing real-life challenges requires an approach that incorporates insights from fields. This integrated way of learning helps them develop an understanding of the intricacies involved in tackling issues. 

Pathways to Professional Success

There are plenty of career opportunities in STEM fields, such as engineering, healthcare, technology, and environmental science. STEM education prepares students with the skills and expertise to enter these rewarding professions, meeting the growing need for STEM-related jobs.

Promoting Diversity and Equity

STEM education encourages inclusivity by welcoming students from different backgrounds to engage in these disciplines. Creating a STEM learning atmosphere empowers marginalized groups. Cultivates equal chances for all individuals.


In today’s world, we need professionals who can efficiently tackle challenges. STEM education plays a role in nurturing these abilities among young individuals. With job opportunities expected to emerge by 2030, we must equip our youth with the skills and readiness for careers in STEM fields!

FAQs on STEM Education

Why STEM education in India?

STEM education in India is crucial to develop critical thinking, innovation, and problem-solving skills, which are essential for the country’s technological and economic advancement.

What are the three benefits of STEM?

Encourages critical thinking and creativity.
Prepares students for high-demand jobs in technology and engineering.
Promotes teamwork and collaboration skills.

What is STEM in the study?

STEM in study refers to an interdisciplinary approach integrating Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics to provide a cohesive learning experience.

Why Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics education for girls?

STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics education) for girls is important to close the gender gap in STEM fields, empower them with skills for high-paying careers, and foster diverse perspectives in innovation.

Is STEM good for teaching?

Yes, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics are good for teaching as they engage students through hands-on learning, foster curiosity, and equip them with practical skills applicable to real-world situations.