GPS Full Form: A Comprehensive Detailed Guide About GPS

GPS Full Form

Ever thought about how your phone knows your location or how your car’s GPS gets you where you need to go? It all comes down to a technology called GPS Full Form. Let’s explore what GPS is, how it operates and why it holds significance.

What is GPS Full Form?

GPS Full Form is a “Global Positioning System”. Which is a satellite-based navigation system initially named Navstar GPS. It was overseen by the United States Government and managed by the United States Space Force. GPS offers location and time details to a GPS receiver situated on or close to Earth as long as there is a clear view of four or more GPS satellites.

Parts of a GPS System

Three Main Parts of GPS:

1. Space Segment (SS):

This section includes a group of 24 to 32 satellites circling the Earth in Earth orbit. These satellites have the task of sending signals to the GPS devices on Earth.   

2. Control Segment (CS):

The control section consists of a control station, a main control station, four specialized ground antennas and six monitoring stations. These facilities are responsible for ensuring the functioning of the satellites and the accuracy of their signals.   

3. User Segment:

This section includes the GPS receivers utilized by people, companies, researchers and the armed forces. These receivers interpret the signals transmitted by the satellites to pinpoint their location. 

How GPS Works

The basic concept that drives GPS technology is trilateration. Let me break it down for you in terms:

  • Signal Transmission: Each GPS satellite transmits a signal with its position and the exact time of transmission.
  • Signal Reception: A GPS receiver positioned on the earth detects signals, from a minimum of four satellites.
  • Distance Calculation: The recipient determines the distance to each satellite by measuring the time it takes for the signal to reach them. By taking into account the speed of light this time is converted into a distance measurement.
  • Position Calculation: By utilizing the distances, from a minimum of four satellites the receiver employs trilateration to ascertain its position (latitude, longitude and altitude) along with the time.

[Read More: NASA Full Form]

Applications of GPS

GPS is a dual-use technology, meaning it has significant applications both in civilian life and the military. Here are some key uses:

  1. Navigation: Global Positioning System (GPS) plays a role in guiding vehicles such as cars, aeroplanes and ships. It assists in locating paths steering clear of traffic congestion and reaching destinations, with efficiency.
  2. Timing: GPS plays a role in ensuring timing for various essential services, like banking transactions, mobile phone networks and power grid management.
  3. Science and Tracking: In the field of science, researchers utilize GPS technology to track wildlife, investigate activity, and observe shifts in the environment.
  4. Weather Forecasting: The use of GPS technology plays a role in meteorology and atmospheric science by utilizing radio occultation techniques to enhance the accuracy of weather forecasts.
  5. Military: Initially created for specific uses, GPS now aids in navigation, targeting, and conducting reconnaissance missions.

Export Regulations and Limitations

Although the US government regulates specific advanced receivers due to their high-performance capabilities, GPS technology remains easily accessible. These restrictions apply to receivers designed for altitudes and speeds utilized in military settings. Export licenses are necessary for such receivers because they are categorized as “munitions.”

[Also Read: The Impact of AI Technology on Higher Education]


The Global Positioning System, known as GPS is a technology that has revolutionized the way we navigate and organize our schedules. Its uses range from tasks to scientific studies and military strategies. Learning about the fundamentals of GPS allows us to better grasp its usefulness in our routines and its significant influence on technology and society.


What is GPS and its uses?

GPS (Global Positioning System) is a satellite-based navigation system used for determining precise locations and providing directions.

What is the correct full form of GPS?

The correct full form of GPS is the Global Positioning System.

What is the full form of GPS in Android?

The full form of GPS in Android is the Global Positioning System.

Who controls GPS?

The United States Department of Defense controls GPS.

How is GPS working?

GPS works by using signals from a network of satellites to determine the precise location of a GPS receiver on Earth.